FIRST AID FOR VENOMOUS BITES
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In summary this article recommends:
Assess and maintain airway, keep the patient still and comfortable
Compression, immediately apply a compression bandage
Immobilise, splint the limb to reduce lymphatic circulation
• DON’T WASH OR CLEAN THE WOUND
• DON’T GIVE ALCOHOL, FOOD or STIMULANTS
• DON’T CUT THE WOUND
• DON’T USE A TOURNIQUET
Snake and Funnel Web Spider Bite:While many snakes are quite harmless it is often difficult for a person to determine whether a snake is venomous or non-venomous. Therefore it is recommended that you always treat for the worst possibility.
Management if conscious;
Firstly you must calm and rest the patient. DO NOT wash the venom off of the bitten area, as the venom may need to be identified at the hospital later on.
Promptly apply a firm broad crepe bandage over the area of the bite or around the limb. Do not apply in an effort to cut off circulation. Then bandage from the fingers or toes, as appropriate working upwards. Ensure you cover the limb as far up as you can go.
When bandaging is completed, mark the area of the bite site. This will allow any doctor to locate the bite with removing the bandage.
Immobilise the limb with a splint or sling. Bind one leg to the other with bandages and use a folded newspaper for an arm splint and a belt for a sling.
Do not walk the patient, or remove the bandage at any time.
Red Back Spider
How to recognise a Red Back Spider bite;
-There will be pain at the site.
-Perspiration around the bite site.
-Nausea and vomiting
-Joint or abdominal pain.
-Muscle weakness and spasms.
Firstly rest and reassure the patient. Apply a cold compress to the bitten area to assist with any pain before immobilizing the limb with a sling or splint.
Snake Bite First Aid Kit